The evolution of the hydrosphere
  • Alexey Yu. Vinogradov Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical Uni-versity, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • Victor A. Obyazov Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9644-1286
  • Mariya M. Kadatskaya Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia, Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical Uni-versity, St. Petersburg, Russia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5979-0970
Keywords: hydrographic network evolution, erosion basis, channel process, lake Ilmen, Ostashkovsky glaciation
(+) Abstract

The riverbed in the course of its evolution is subject to deformations, manifested in the form of erosion of the channel and floodplain, sediment transport and accumulation. Knowledge of the history of the development of river channels in the conditions characteristic of a given territory allows us to assess their future evolution. The aim of the study was to identify the features of the formation and evolution of the hydrographic network of Southern Priilmenye in the Holocene. These features are mainly associated with the last Valdai glaciation. Firstly, rivers arose only after the retreat of the glacier and are about 11 to 14 thousand years old. Secondly, their development was controlled by a changing erosion basis, depending on the level of the subglacial lake, which formed on the southern periphery of the glacier during its retreat. Thirdly, the evolution of watercourses occurred in conditions of compensatory deformational elevation of the territory.

As a result, rivers formed on the territory of Southern Priilmen'e, in the initial stage of their development, meandering freely along a wide and almost flat plain composed of fluvioglacial deposits. Then, as the erosion basis decreased, the channels incised into the water-resistant glacial deposits of the Valdai horizon. In the last millennium, vertical erosion sharply increased, which is associated with overcoming difficult to wash out fluvioglacial Quaternary loamy rocks and the direct impact of the flow on the underlying Devonian sediments, and at present, according to our estimates, it reaches 1-3 cm per year. As the riverbeds cut in, the planned deformations slowed significantly. The channels develop, although not to the full extent, by the type of forced meandering.

(+) About the author(s)

Alexey Yu. Vinogradov,
Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical Uni-versity, St. Petersburg, Russia

E-mail: gd@npogtp.ru
eLibrary SPIN-код: 3692-8409
Scopus ID: 56909443300
ORCID iD:0000-0001-6834-2507

Victor A. Obyazov,
Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia

E-mail: td@npogtp.ru
eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 4590-8490
Scopus ID: 6505820654
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9644-1286

Mariya M. Kadatskaya,
Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia, Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical Uni-versity, St. Petersburg, Russia

E-mail: mk@npogtp.ru
eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 6624-6450
Scopus ID:
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5979-0970

(+) References

Amantov A.V., Amantova M.G., Ryabchuk D.V., Ser-geev A.Yu., Gusentsova T.M., Zhamoida V.A., Fjeldskaar W. Problemy golotsenovogo razvitiya Yu-zhnogo Priladozh'ya [On the question of Holocene de-velopment of south Lake Ladoga region]. Regional'naya geologiya i metallogeniya [Regional geology and metal-logeny], 2016, no. 65, pp. 37-49 (In Russian; abstact in English)

Barats N.I. Mekhanika gruntov: uchebnoe posobie [Soil mechanics]. Omsk, SibADI Publ., 2008. 106 p. (In Rus-sian)

Chistyakov A.A., Makarova N.V., Makarov V.I. Chetvertichnaya geologiya: uchebnik [Quaternary geol-ogy]. Moscow, GEOS Publ., 2000. 303 p. (In Russian)

Dinamicheskaya geomorfologiya: Uchebnoe posobie [Dynamic geomorphology]. Moscow, MSU Publ., 1992. 448 p. (In Russian)

Elfimov V.I. Izmenenie ust'evykh uchastkov rek v period prokhozhdeniya volny polovod'ya: Ucheb. Posobie [Change in estuarine sections of rivers during the pas-sage of a flood wave]. Moscow, RUDN Publ., 2008. 222 p. (In Russian)

Geologiya SSSR. V 48 tomakh. Tom 1. Leningradskaya, Pskovskaya i Novgorodskaya oblasti. Geologicheskoe opisanie. Severo-Zapadnoe territorial'noe [Geology of the USSR. In 48 volumes. Volume 1. Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod regions. Geological description. Northwest Territorial] / A.V. Sidorenko (ed.). Moscow, Publ. Nedra, 1971. 504 p.

Gorlach A., Hang T., Kalm V. GIS-based reconstruction of Late Weichselian proglacial lakes in northwestern Russia and Belarus. Boreas, 2017, vol.46, iss.3, pp. 486-502. DOI: 10.1111/bor.12223.

Grosswald M.G. Oledenenie Russkogo Severa i Severo-Vostoka v epokhu poslednego velikogo pokholodaniya [Ice sheets in the Russian North and North-Eastduring the last Great Chill]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2009. 152 p. (In Russian; abstact in English)

Hughes A.L.C., Gyllencreutz R., Lohne Ø.S., Mangerud J., Svendsen J.I. The last Eurasian ice sheets – a chrono-logical database and time-slice reconstruction, DATED-1. Boreas, 2016, vol. 45, iss.1, pp. 1-45. DOI: 10.1111/bor.12142.

Johansson P. Laser scanning technology in mapping and classifying of meltwater erosional forms in fell areas of Finnish Lapland. In Subetto D.A. et. al. (editors) Excur-sion guide and Abstracts of INQUA Peribaltic Working Group Meeting and Excursion 2018 International Scien-tific Conference and School for Young Scientists «Lateglacial-Interglacial transition: glaciotectonic, seis-moactivity, catastrophic hydrographic and landscape changes» (Petrozavodsk, August 19-25, 2018). Petroza-vodsk, Publ. of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Science, 2018, pp. 71-72.

Kuznetsov V.V. Fizika zemnykh katastroficheskikh yavlenii [Earth catastrophic physics]. Novosibirsk: Nau-ka Publ., 1992, 95 p. (In Russian)

Kvasov D.D. Pozdnechetvertichnaya istoriya krupnykh ozer i vnutrennikh morei Vostochnoi Evropy [Late Qua-ternary history of large lakes and inland seas of Eastern Europe]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1975, 279 p. (In Rus-sian)

Markov K.K. Pozdne- i poslelednikovaya istoriya okrestnostei Leningrada na fone pozdne- i posleledni-kovoi istorii Baltiki [Late and postglacial history of the vicinity of Leningrad against the background of late and postglacial history of the Baltic]. Trudy komissii po izucheniyu chetvertichnogo perioda [Proceedings of the Commission for the Study of the Quaternary], 1934, t. 4, iss. 1, pp. 5-70 (In Russian)

Markov K.K. Poslelednikovaya istoriya yugo-vostochnogo poberezh'ya Ladozhskogo ozera [Postgla-cial history of the southeastern coast of Lake Ladoga]. Voprosy geografii [Questions of geography], 1949, iss. 12, pp. 213-220 (In Russian)

Mörner N.-A. Low sea levels, droughts, and mammalian extinsions In W.A. Berggren, J.A. Van Couvering (ed.), Catastrophes and Earth History: The New Uniformitari-anism. Princeton, New Jersey, Publ. Princeton Universi-ty Press, 1984, pp. 387-394 (Russ. ed.: Merner N.A. Obmelenie morya. Zasukhi i vymiranie mlekopitayush-chikh. In U. Berggrena, Dzh. Van Kauveringa (ed.) Ka-tastrofy i istoriya Zemli: Novyi uniformizm Moscow, Publ. Mir, 1986a, pp. 388-393)

Mörner N.-A. Eustasy, geoid changes, and multiple geo-physical interaction In W.A. Berggren, J.A. Van Cou-vering (ed.), Catastrophes and Earth History: The New Uniformitarianism. Princeton, New Jersey, Publ. Prince-ton University Press, 1984, pp. 395-416 (Russ. ed.: Merner N.A. Evstaziya, izmeneniya geoida i vzai-modeistviya mnogikh geofizicheskikh faktorov. In U. Berggrena, Dzh. Van Kauveringa (ed.), Katastrofy i istoriya Zemli: Novyi uniformizm. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1986b, pp. 394-412).

Nikolaev N.I. O noveishem etape razvitiya Fennos-kandii, Kol'skogo poluostrova i Karelii [About the new-est stage of development of Fennoscandia, the Kola Peninsula and Karelia]. Byulleten' Moskovskogo ob-shchestva ispytatelei prirody, otdelenie geologii [Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists, Department of Ge-ology], 1967, t.42, No 1, pp. 49–68 (In Russian)

Nikonov A.A. Golotsenovye i sovremennye dvizheniya zemnoi kory (Geologo-geomorfologicheskie i seismotek-tonicheskie voprosy) [Recent crustal movements (Geolog-ical-geomorphological and seismotectonic aspects)]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1977. 240 p. (In Russian)

Nikonov A.A., Enman S.V., Fleifel' L.D. Golotsenovye i sovremennye dvizheniya zemnoi kory v perekhodnoi zone ot Fennoskandinavskogo shchita k Vostochno-Evropeiskoi platforme v raione Ladozhskogo grabena [Holocene and modern movements of the earth's crust in the transition zone from the Fennoscandinavian shield to the East Europe platform in the Ladoga graben area]. Materialy chetyrnadtsatoi Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii «Svyaz' poverkhnostnykh struktur zemnoi kory s glubin-nymi» (g. Petrozavodsk, 27-31 oktyabrya 2018) [Pro-ceedings of the 14th international conference «Relation-ship between the surface and deep structures of the Earth’s crust» (Petrozavodsk, October 27–31, 2008] Pet-rozavodsk: Karel'skii nauchnyi tsentr RAN, 2008. Part 2, pp. 79–81. (In Russian)

Ramsay W. Changes of sea-level, resulting from the in-crease and decrease of glaciacion. Fennia, 1931, 52(5), pp. 1-62

Rinterknecht V., Hang T., Gorlach A., Kohv M., Kalla K., Kalm V., Subetto D., Bourlès D., Léanni L., Guillou V. The Last Glacial Maximum extent of the Scandinavi-an Ice Sheet in the Valday Heights, western Russia: Ev-idence from cosmogenic surface exposure dating using 10Be. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2018, Vol. 200, pp. 106-113. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.09.032

Shel'fy Evrazii v mezozoe i kainozoe: Atlas paleogeo-graficheskikh kart: v 2 vol. Vol.2 [Palaeogeographic at-las of the shelf regions of Eurasia for the mesozoic and cenozoic]. Moscow, Publ. Geological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1991. 106 p. (In Russian and English)

Shitov M.V. Golotsenovye transgressii Ladozhskogo ozera. Avtoref. diss. kand. geol-min. najuk [Holocene transgressions of Lake Ladoga. Ph. D. (geological and mineralogical) thesis]. SPb, 2007. 17 p. (In Russian)

Shuiskii Yu.D., Simeonova G.A. O vliyanii geolog-icheskogo stroeniya morskikh beregov na protsessy abra-zii [On the influence of the geological structure of sea coasts on the processes of abrasion]. Doklady Bolgarskoi Akademii Nauk [Reports of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences], 1976, vol. 29, no 2, pp. 57-79. (In Russian)

Stokes C.R. Deglaciation of the Laurentide Ice Sheet from the Last Glacial Maximum. Cuadernos de Investi-gación Geográfica = Geographical Reseach Letters, 2017, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 377-428. DOI: 10.18172/cig.3237.

Subetto D.A. Istoriya formirovaniya Ladozhskogo ozera i ego soedineniya s Baltiiskim morem [The history of the formation of Lake Ladoga and its connection with the Baltic Sea]. Obshchestvo. Sreda. Razvitie (Terra Hu-mana) [Society. Environment. Development (Terra Nu-mana)], 2007, no 1 (2), pp. 111-120. (In Russian)

Subetto D.A., Shvarev S.V., Nikonov A.A., Zaretska-ya N.E., Poleshchuk A.V., Potakhin M.S. New evidence of the Vuoksi River origin by geodynamic cataclysm. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 2018, vol. 90, pp 275-289, DOI: 10.17741/bgsf/90.2.010.

Tsytovich N.A. Mekhanika gruntov (kratkii kurs): Uchebnik dlya stroitel'nykh vuzov [Soil mechanics (short course)]. Moscow, Vyssh. shk. Publ., 1983. 288 p. (In Russian)

Vasilieva N.V., Subetto D.A., Verbitsky V.R., Krotova-Putintseva A.E. Istoriya formirovaniya Il'men'-Volkhovskogo basseina [History of the Ilmen-Volkhov Basin Development]. Izvestiya Rossiiskogo gosudar-stvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gertsena [Izvestia: Herzen University Journal of Human-ities & Sciences], 2012, no. 153(2), pp. 141-150. (In Russian; abstract in English)

Vinogradov A.Yu., Obyazov V.A. Glyatsioizostatich-eskoe podnyatie Priil'menskoi nizmennosti v golotsene [Glacio-isostatic uplift of the Priilmen lowland in the Holocene]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov chetyrnadtsatoi Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii «Nauchnye issledovaniya: klyuchevye problemy tret'ego tysyacheletiya» (Moskva, 01-02 aprelya 2018) [Collec-tion of scientific papers of the fourteenth International scientific-practical conference "Scientific research: key problems of the third millennium" (Moscow, April 01-02, 2018)], Moscow, Problems of science Publ., 2018, pp. 99-102. (In Russian).

(+) Read online

Abstract views: 194
PDF Downloads: 0
How to Cite
Alexey Yu. Vinogradov, Victor A. Obyazov, & Mariya M. Kadatskaya. (2019). HISTORY OF FORMATION OF THE RIVERS OF SOUTH PRILIMENIUM IN HOLOTSEN. Hydrosphere. Hazard Processes and Phenomena, 1(1), 90-113. https://doi.org/10.34753/HS.2019.1.1.001


Download data is not yet available.

Most read articles by the same author(s)