PROPERTIES OF PREFERENTIAL WATER FLOW PATHS NETWORKS AND BACKGROUND FOR THEIR GENESIS IN THE SLOPES OF SMALL MOUNTAIN VALLEYS

Section
Monitoring, experimental and expeditionary research
  • Vladimir V. Shamov Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia
  • Evgeniy А. Shekman Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2298-463X
  • Tatiana S. Gubareva Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia; Water Problems Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
  • Boris I. Gartsman Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia; Water Problems Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
  • Sergei Yu. Lupakov Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5804-2604
  • Georgiy Al. Chelnokov Geological Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
  • Nadezhda K. Kozhevnikova Federal Scientific Center for East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia
  • Maksim L. Burdukovskii Federal Scientific Center for East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1806-6721
  • Aleksandr V. Orlyakovskiy Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia
Keywords: small mountain catchment, slope flow, block stream, kurum, preferential flow paths, fault, Far East of Russia (Pacific Russia)
(+) Abstract

For the case of small valleys in South Sikhote-Alin Ridge and Verkhnekolymskoye Highlands (Pacific Russia, Northeast Asia), there is given an analysis of systematic observations of big preferential flow paths of slope-scale, – subsurface shallow (not deeper than 1 m) watercourses, in which the most water migrates fast. The watercourses occur most often within the bodies of relic or active stony stripes ("block streams"). In some of the studied watercourses, there were estimated discharges (0.041–7.36 l/s) and velocities (0.1–7.2 cm/s) that are quite comparable to the 1-order streamflow rates when low water periods. We suggest the biggest among such subsurface watercourses are to be controlled by geological structures of slope scale, namely sub-local fractures, which feather local fractures. Accounting for the results of relevant investigations by other authors and the water movement features revealed in the studied subsurface watercourses, we offer a variant of their division onto three main structural groups: 1) the main paths (conduits) with a length of hundreds
to 1–2 thousand meters and width of several meters; 2) the filtration flow domains with a length of
0.1 meters to several dozen meters and width of up to 0.1 meters; and 3) the matrix flow paths with a length of much less 10 centimeters and width of less 0.1 centimeters. Detailed studies for talus texture and water regime of the hillside watercourses would make it possible to prove a hypothesis on the significant role of small faults (fractures) and related to them the active or relic block streams in the concentration of slope flow. It could allow a deeper understanding of the flood generation in river basins, especially in the areas where severe intra-annual moistening fluctuations as Pacific Asia.

(+) About the author(s)

Vladimir V. Shamov,
Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 4913-0239

ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9310-1836

Scopus ID: 6701600698

Evgeniy А. Shekman,
Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 4827-6823

ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2298-463X

Scopus ID: 57133056400

Tatiana S. Gubareva,
Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia; Water Problems Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 1182-6988

ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4788-0784

Scopus ID: 18436324800

Boris I. Gartsman,
Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia; Water Problems Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 7792-9120

ORCID ID: 000000-0002-5876-7015

Scopus ID: 55807973400

Sergei Yu. Lupakov,
Pacific Geographical Institute of FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 9365-4537

ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5804-2604

Scopus ID: 57195678222

Georgiy Al. Chelnokov,
Geological Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 2987-0805

ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6020-9277

Scopus ID: 12139835500

Nadezhda K. Kozhevnikova,
Federal Scientific Center for East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 1076-5972

ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6198-2974

Scopus ID: 56589669000

Maksim L. Burdukovskii,
Federal Scientific Center for East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 6800-4338

ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1806-6721

Scopus ID: 55847511300

Aleksandr V. Orlyakovskiy,
Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 9705-7360

Scopus ID: 57222050024

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Published
2021-11-26
How to Cite
Vladimir V. Shamov, Evgeniy А. Shekman, Tatiana S. Gubareva, Boris I. Gartsman, Sergei Yu. Lupakov, Georgiy Al. Chelnokov, Nadezhda K. Kozhevnikova, Maksim L. Burdukovskii, & Aleksandr V. Orlyakovskiy. (2021). PROPERTIES OF PREFERENTIAL WATER FLOW PATHS NETWORKS AND BACKGROUND FOR THEIR GENESIS IN THE SLOPES OF SMALL MOUNTAIN VALLEYS. Hydrosphere. Hazard Processes and Phenomena, 3(3), 275-296. https://doi.org/10.34753/HS.2020.3.3.275

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