TRANSFORMATION OF WATER CHEMICAL COMPOSITION IN ARCTIC TUNDRA CREEKS UNDER WATER-ROCK INTERACTION

Section
Ecological problems and hazards in the hydrosphere
Keywords: chemical composition of natural water, Arctic tundra rivers, water-rock interaction, active layer, river runoff formation, permafrost
(+) Abstract

The degree of knowledge about migration of water and dissolved substances in arctic and subarctic permafrost landscapes is extremely low. In our study the water sources and the mechanisms of streamflow formation of the small Arctic tundra rivers in the lower Lena River are described on the basis of hydrochemical data. Studied natural waters are contrasting in chemical composition. The maximum concentrations of chemicals, up to the brackish type of water, are characteristic of groundwater seeps, the composition of which is formed during long-term interaction with parent rocks. The freshest waters are confined to the organic layers of the soil profile. The sources of streams are ultra-fresh, cold and sometimes show a slightly acidic reaction, which indicates their formation in the organic part of the active layer at the contact with the permafrost top. Downstream where the channel is actively cut into the bedrock, the streams' waters are enriched with mineral compounds. Downstream, water warms up in the channel and ultra-fresh water flows from the slopes and dilute the stream water. The sources and low-mineralized tributaries of the small streams are formed due to the thawing of the ground ice in the active layer. The interaction of water and rocks determines the chemical composition of the water of the studied streams. Information about the chemical composition of natural waters allows drawing conclusions about the sources and water pathways in the watersheds, which is necessary for developing models and predicting natural processes.

(+) About the author(s)

Ludmila S. Lebedeva,
Melnikov Permafrost Institute of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, Yakutsk, Russia

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SPIN-
код

ORCID ID

Scopus ID

Прочие

6441-4823

0000-0002-7498-9902

56435708400

J-6959-2016

Vladimir V. Shamov,
Melnikov Permafrost Institute, Siberian branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia

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код

ORCID ID

Scopus ID

Прочие

4913-0239

0000-0001-9310-1836

6701600698

A--5507-2011

 

Anna M. Tarbeeva,
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

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код

ORCID ID

Scopus ID

Прочие

2713-1484

0000-0003-2001-8147

16417752900

A-8605-2015

 

Nadezhda A. Pavlova,
Melnikov Permafrost Institute, Siberian branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia

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код

ORCID ID

Scopus ID

Прочие

8046-4220

0000-0001-5473-7778

57188696296

W-2163-2018

 

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Published
2022-02-10
How to Cite
Ludmila S. Lebedeva, Vladimir V. Shamov, Anna M. Tarbeeva, & Nadezhda A. Pavlova. (2022). TRANSFORMATION OF WATER CHEMICAL COMPOSITION IN ARCTIC TUNDRA CREEKS UNDER WATER-ROCK INTERACTION. Hydrosphere. Hazard Processes and Phenomena, 3(4), 333–345. https://doi.org/10.34753/HS.2021.3.4.333

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