ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF USING SMALL RIVER FOR LOG DRIVING

Section
Ecological problems and hazards in the hydrosphere
  • Alexey Yu. Vinogradov Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia; Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical Univer-sity, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • Tatiana А. Vinogradova Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia; St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • Mariya M. Kadatskaya Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia
  • Svetlana I. Sazonova Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia
  • Sergey V. Hvalev Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia
Keywords: log driving, small river, environmental pollution, logging industry, ecological status of small rivers, water catchment

The paper considers the issue of the log diving effect on the ecological status of small rivers and their catchments. There are analyzed the circumstances leading to the prohibition of the log driving and the consequences of this decision for nature and man.

The main points of both positive and negative effects of the log driving are evaluated and specific steps are proposed for reducing the chemical and mechanical pollution of water bodies. A general conclusion is made that the damage to ecosystems from log driving is not as great as is it commonly believed. There is proposed specific reclamation plan with the aim of improving the recreational capabilities of small rivers, purifying water, improving the condition of the forest stock by reducing the flooding of its territory.

The affected problem concerns both the condition of small rivers and the future of the logging industry and the related development of outlying areas that are currently experiencing large demographic and economic problems. The arguments presented by the authors show that in a nowadays economic situation, the prohibition of log driving is economically disadvantageous and even harmful. It impedes the further development the territories of the Russian North, Siberia and the Far East. The hypothetical damage to nature by log driving is not comparable with the consequences that cause as a result of the desolation of the huge territory of Russia. There are a confirmed decline in the economy, the come-down of the demographic situation and socio-cultural infrastructure today. Over the past decades the catastrophic situation has developed in the demography of the Trans-Ural regions and other regions of Siberia. Unfortunately, the great number opened in recent decades mines and processing plants are not designed for constant abode of the population. Settlements near such enterprises have a temporary status. Only the logging and wood processing industry can save this situation. So, an integrated approach to the problem of log driving can facilitate a new development  stage of outlying areas.

Alexey Yu. Vinogradov,
Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia; Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical Univer-sity, St. Petersburg, Russia

E-mail: gd@npogtp.ru
eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 3692-8409
Scopus ID: 56909443300
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6834-2507

Tatiana А. Vinogradova,
Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia; St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

E-mail: vinograd1950@mail.ru
eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код:
4105-4695
Scopus ID:
7102480326
ORCID iD: 
0000-0003-1181-4897

Mariya M. Kadatskaya,
Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia

E-mail: mk@npogtp.ru
eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 6624-6450
Scopus ID:
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5979-0970

Svetlana I. Sazonova,
Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia

E-mail: staiy@yandex.ru
eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 3612-4691
Scopus ID:
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6845-1153

Sergey V. Hvalev,
Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia

E-mail: sh@npogtp.ru
eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 7929-4593
Scopus ID:
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5324-2498

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Published
2019-12-30
How to Cite
Alexey Yu. Vinogradov, Tatiana А. Vinogradova, Mariya M. Kadatskaya, Svetlana I. Sazonova, & Sergey V. Hvalev. (2019). ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF USING SMALL RIVER FOR LOG DRIVING. Hydrosphere. Hazard Processes and Phenomena, 1(4), 533-554. https://doi.org/10.34753/HS.2019.1.4.533

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