DEBRIS FLOW CHECK CONSTRUCTIONS SITUATED NEAR THE MOUTH OF RIVERS OF THE SAKHALIN ISLAND
The significant part of roads and railways of the Sakhalin Island are located in the coastal zone of the sea, in the lower part of the debris flow transit zone. Debris flows cause blockages and damage to the roadways. In some areas of the island are sites where the number of debris flow basins is 30-40 per km. Basically, these are slope debris flows, which are formed annually during precipitation of liquid precipitation, and whose volume can reach 500 m3. At the same time, debris flows can play an important role in the formation of beaches and protection from abrasion due to the removal of material to the mouth of the rivers. Transport of debris flow material to the coastal zone on the Sakhalin Island is carried out on the coasts of the Gulf of Patience, the Gulf of Aniva, the Tatar Strait, etc. Beach savings are the best of its natural protection against destruction. Therefore, the need to build seepage facilities is due not only to the need to protect the roadway, but also the importance of transporting debris flow material to the beach area. Characteristics of debris flows in the coastal zone of the island differ in a number of parameters, such as the volume of debris slides, the frequency of formation of debris flows, the type of debris flows, the size of carried fragments of rocks; therefore, when choosing a debris flow protection facility, it is necessary to be guided both by the parameters of debris flows and by the role of debris flows in the formation of beaches. The paper examines the current state of water chute and debris flows chute under the roads in the near-mouth parts of debris flow rivers, as well as the expediency of selecting debris flow protection structures depending on the characteristics of debris flows.
Bobrova D.A. Inzhenernye meropriyatiya po zashchite lineinykh sooruzhenii ot selei na o. Sakhalin [Engineering actions for protection of linear constructions from debris flow on the Sakhalin Island]. Trudy Vtoroi konferentsii «Selevye potoki: katastrofy, risk, prognoz, zashchita», posvyashchennoi 100-letiyu S.M. Fleishmana (g. Moskva,
-19 oktyabrya 2012 goda) [Proceedings of the Second Conference «Debris Flows: Disasters, Risk, Forecast, Protection» dedicated to 100th anniversary of S.M. Fleishman (Moscow, October 17-19, 2012)]. Moscow, Publ. Geograficheskii fakul'tet MSU, 2012, pp. 13-14. (In Russian).
Faccini F., Piccazzo M., Robbiano A. Natural hazards in San Fruttuoso of Camogli (Portofino Park, Italy): a case study of a debris flow in a coastal environment. Italian Journal of Geosciences, 2009, vol. 128, no. 3, pp. 641-654. DOI: 10.3301/IJG.2009.128.3.641
Fleishman S.M. Seli. [Debris flow]. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat, 1978. 312 p. (In Russian).
Kazakov N.A. Geologicheskie i landshaftnye kriterii ocenki lavinnoj i selevoj opasnosti pri stroitel'stve linejnyh sooruzhenij (na primere o. Sahalin). Diss. kand. geol.-min. nauk. [Geological and landscape criteria for assessing avalanche and debris flow hazard during the construction of linear structures (on the example of Sakhalin Island). Ph. D. (Geological and mineralogical sciences) Thesis]. Moscow, 2000. 216 p. (In Russian).
Kazakov N.A., Gensiorovskiy Y.V. Gryazekamennye seli katastroficheskikh ob"emov v nizkogor'e ostrova Sakhalin [The debris flows of catastrophic volume in low mountains of Sakhalin Island]. Trudy Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii «Selevye potoki: katastrofy, risk, prognoz, zashchita» (g. Pyatigorsk, 22-29 sentyabrya 2008 g.) [Proccedings of the International Conference “Debris flows: Disasters, Risk, Forecast, Protection” (Pyatigorsk, September 22-29, 2008)], Pyatigorsk: Publ. Sevkavgiprovodkhoz Institute, 2008, pp. 45-48. (In Russian).
Kazakova E.N., Bobrova D.A. Rol' selevykh potokov v formirovanii plyazhei Yuzhnogo Sakhalina [The role of debris-flow processes in formation of beaches of the Southern Sakhalin]. Georisk [Georisk], 2013, no. 3, pp. 34-39. (In Russian; abstract in English).
Oliferov A.N. Selevye potoki v Krymu i Karpatakh [Mudflows in the Crimea and the Carpathians]. Simferopol', Publ. Dolya, 2007. 176 p. (In Russian).
Perov V.F. Selevedenie: uchebnoe posobie. Moscow, Moscow University Press, 2012. 272 p. (In Russian).
Resursy poverkhnostnykh vod SSSR: v 20 vol. Tom 18. Dal'nii Vostok. Vypusk 4. Sakhalin i Kurily. [Surface water resources of the USSR: in 20 volumes. Volume 18. The Far East. Issue 4. Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands]. Vas'kovskii M.G. (ed.). Leningrad, Publ. Gidrometeoizdat, 1973. 262 p. (In Russian).
Rybalchenko S.V. Selevye protsessy na sklonakh morskikh terras yuzhnogo Sakhalina [Mudflow processes on slopes of the marine terraces of South Sakhalin]. Vestnik Dal'nevostochnogo otdeleniya Rossiiskoi akademii nauk [Vestnik of the Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 2013a, no. 3(169), pp. 52–59. (In Russian).
Rybalchenko S.V. Selevaya opasnost' dlya naselennykh punktov Sakhalinskoi oblasti [Mudflow hazard for the Sakhalin Region settlements]. Georisk [Georisk], 2013b, no. 3, pp. 40-44. (In Russian; abstract in English).
Rybalchenko S.V., Verkhovov K.V. Sklonovye selevye basseiny i ikh morfodinamicheskie osobennosti [Slope debris flow basins and their morphodynamic features]. Georisk [Georisk], 2017, no. 4, pp. 58-63, 78. (In Russian; abstract in English).
Abstract views: 236 PDF Downloads: 0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.