THE QUALITY CHARACTERISTIC OF THE RUSSIA RIVERS RUNOFF, TRANSBOUNDARY WITH BELARUS, UKRAINE, KAZAKHSTAN AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH BASIN GEOSYSTEMS

Section
Ecological problems and hazards in the hydrosphere
  • El'vira A. Rumyantseva Federal State Budgetary Institution “State Hydrological Institute”, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • Nelly N. Bobrovitskaya Federal State Budgetary Institution “State Hydrological Institute”, St. Petersburg, Russia
Keywords: runoff quality characteristics, automated software package, regime observations, transboundary posts of observation, factor analysis, basin geo-systems, assessment of river runoff pollution

The aim of this work was to study the relationship between the parts of river water flow volumes that have excess pollutant concentrations and the functioning of regional basin geosystems. For this purpose, two flow quality characteristics were used. The first characteristic is the relative volumes of runoff (Vpoll%) contaminated with single components. The second one is represented by partial volumes of runoff, differing in the totality of pollutants, estimated by classes and categories in accordance with Guidance Document 52.24.643-20021. The calculations were carried out using an automated software package developed at the FSBI «SHI» according to regime observations of the Hydrometeorological Service of Roshydromet for eighteen transboundary rivers over the entire observation period of 1993-2013. To solve assigned problem factor analysis was applied. The two main factors, the content of which is expressed through fluctuations of Vpoll% for twelve different individual hydro-chemical components, unite the rivers by their belonging to the corresponding water system or basin, that is, of the basin geosystem. Application of the second runoff characteristic made it possible to assess the pollution of river runoff in these geosystems. It was revealed that basically all the rivers whose runoff belongs to the polluted, that is, the second and third class of category “a”, flow from Russia to neighboring states. All rivers trans-boundary with Ukraine and Kazakhstan, the flow of which is assigned to the fourth class of categories “a”, “b” and “c”, carry their more dirty waters from neighboring states to Russia.

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Published
2020-09-03
How to Cite
El’vira A. Rumyantseva, & Nelly N. Bobrovitskaya. (2020). THE QUALITY CHARACTERISTIC OF THE RUSSIA RIVERS RUNOFF, TRANSBOUNDARY WITH BELARUS, UKRAINE, KAZAKHSTAN AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH BASIN GEOSYSTEMS. Hydrosphere. Hazard Processes and Phenomena, 2(2), 173-195. https://doi.org/10.34753/HS.2020.2.2.173

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