ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF USING SMALL RIVER FOR LOG DRIVING
The paper considers the issue of the log diving effect on the ecological status of small rivers and their catchments. There are analyzed the circumstances leading to the prohibition of the log driving and the consequences of this decision for nature and man.
The main points of both positive and negative effects of the log driving are evaluated and specific steps are proposed for reducing the chemical and mechanical pollution of water bodies. A general conclusion is made that the damage to ecosystems from log driving is not as great as is it commonly believed. There is proposed specific reclamation plan with the aim of improving the recreational capabilities of small rivers, purifying water, improving the condition of the forest stock by reducing the flooding of its territory.
The affected problem concerns both the condition of small rivers and the future of the logging industry and the related development of outlying areas that are currently experiencing large demographic and economic problems. The arguments presented by the authors show that in a nowadays economic situation, the prohibition of log driving is economically disadvantageous and even harmful. It impedes the further development the territories of the Russian North, Siberia and the Far East. The hypothetical damage to nature by log driving is not comparable with the consequences that cause as a result of the desolation of the huge territory of Russia. There are a confirmed decline in the economy, the come-down of the demographic situation and socio-cultural infrastructure today. Over the past decades the catastrophic situation has developed in the demography of the Trans-Ural regions and other regions of Siberia. Unfortunately, the great number opened in recent decades mines and processing plants are not designed for constant abode of the population. Settlements near such enterprises have a temporary status. Only the logging and wood processing industry can save this situation. So, an integrated approach to the problem of log driving can facilitate a new development stage of outlying areas.
Azarov V.I., Burov A.V., Obolenskaya A.V. Khimiya drevesiny i sinteticheskikh polimerov: uchebnik dlya vyzov [Chemistry of wood and synthetic polymers: a textbook for a challenge]. St. Petersburg, Publ. of the St. Peters-burg Forestry Academy, 1999. 628 p. (In Russian).
Bryukhan' A.F., Bryukhan' F.F., Potapov A.D. Inzhe-nerno-ekologicheskie izyskaniya dlya stroitel'stva teplovykh elektrostantsii [Environmental engineering sur-veys for the construction of thermal power plants]. Mos-cow, Publ. of Associations of Construction Universities, 2010. 191 p. (In Russian).
Bryukhan' F.F. Nauki o Zemle: uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov [Earth Sciences: a textbook for students]. Mos-cow, Forum, 2011. 191 p. (In Russian).
Fadeeva O.P. Neformal'naya zanyatost' v sibirskom sele [Informal employment in a Siberian village]. Ekonomich-eskaya sotsiologiya: elektronnyi zhurnal [Economic Soci-ology: an electronic journal], 2001, vol. 2, no. 2,
pp. 61-93. Available at: URL: https://clck.ru/LnHof (In Russian).
Gaisin I.G. Obosnovanie parametrov tekhnologii vygruzki ploskikh splotochnykh edinits s vody Diss. kand. tekhn. nauk [Justification of the technology pa-rameters for unloading flat raft units from water. Ph. D. (Technical) Thesis.]. Yoshkar-Ola, 2016. 166 p. (In Rus-sian).
Geografiya. 8 klass: ucheb. dlya obshcheobrazovat. or-ganizatsii [Geography. Grade 8: a textbook for educa-tional institutions] by A.I. Alekseev, V.V. Nikolina, E.K. Lipkina et al. Moscow, Publ. Prosveshchenie, 2018. 255 p. (In Russian).
Kharitonov V.Ya., Posypanov S.V. Opyt vnedreniya edinogo transportnogo paketa vmesto molevogo leso-splava [Experience of Introducing Transport Package in-stead of Drift Floating]. Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forest-ry Journal), 2007, no. 1, pp. 45-52. (In Russian; abstract in English).
Kirillov A.K., Lipin A.S., Sokolov V.A. Lesnoi kom-pleks [Forest complex]. In Lamin V.A. (ed.) Is-toricheskaya entsiklopediya Sibiri: v 3 t. Tom 2. Bukvy K-R [Historical Encyclopedia of Siberia: in 3 volumes. Vol-ume 2. Letters K-R]. Novosibirsk, Publ. Istoricheskoe nasledie Sibiri, 2009. 808 p. (In Russian).
Korpachev V.P., Malinin L.I., Chebykh M.M., Ryabokon' Yu.I., Perezhilin A.I. Vliyanie zatoplennoi i plavayushchei drevesnoi massy na vodnye ob"ekty [The effect of flooded and floating wood pulp on water bod-ies]. Khvoinye boreal'noi zony [Conifers of the boreal zone], 2008, vol. 25, no. 3-4, pp. 340-343. (In Russian).
Murashova O.V. Gidrodinamicheskie kharakteristiki leso-splavnykh ploskikh splotochnykh edinits. Avtoreferat diss. kand. tekhn. nauk [Hydrodynamic characteristics of flat alloy rafting units. Ph. D. (Technical) Thesis]. Arkhan-gel'sk, 2007. 19 p. (In Russian).
Panin V.F. (ed.), Sechin A.I., Fedosova V.D. Ekologiya: uchebnik dlya vuzov [Ecology: a textbook for universi-ties]. Tomsk, Publ. of Tomsk Polytechnic University, 2014. 327 p. (In Russian).
Ruschev D.D. Khimiya tverdogo topliva [Chemistry of solid fuels]. Leningrad, Publ. Chemistry, 1976. 256 p. (In Russian).
Shegel'man I.R. Lesnye transformatsii (XV-XXI vv.) [Forest transformations (15th-21th centuries)]. Petroza-vodsk, Publ. of Petrozavodsk State University, 2008. 240 p. (In Russian).
Sokolova N.A., Lyubeznova N.A., Dubinka K.Yu., Leo-nov S.N. Normativnoe regulirovanie v stroitel'stve i proektirovanie avtomobil'nykh dorog Rossiiskoi Feder-atsii [Normative regulation in construction and design of highways of the Russian Federation]. Evraziiskii soyuz uchenykh [Eurasian Union of Scientists], 2016,
no. 4-2(25), pp. 122-124. (In Russian).
Transport lesa. V 2 t. T. 2. Lesosplav i sudovye perevozki: uchebnik dlya stud. vyssh. ucheb. zavedenii [Forest transport. In 2 vol. Vol. 2. Timber rafting and ship transport: a textbook for students. higher textbook. institu-tions] by Ovchinnikov M.M., Polishchuk V.P., Grigor'ev G.V. Moscow, Academy Publ., 2009. 208 p. (In Rus-sian).
Tyugashev E.A., Popkov Yu.V. Protivorechiya Rossiis-koi bezrabotitsy [Contradictions of Russian unemploy-ment]. Chelovek. Trud. Zanyatost': nauchno-prakticheskoe periodicheskoe izdanie [Man. Work. Em-ployment: scientific and practical periodical], 1996, iss. 1. Novosibirsk, Publ. of Institute of Philosophy and Law SB RAS, 1996, pp. 66-71. (In Russian).
Velikanov M.A. Gidrologiya sushi [Hydrology]. Lenin-grad, Hydrometeorological publishing house, 1948. 530 p. (In Russian).
Vinogradov Yu.B. Thoughts about hydrology. Hydro-sphere. Hazard processes and phenomena, 2019, vol. 1, iss. 4, pp. 555-589 (In Russian; abstract in English). DOI: 10.34753/HS.2019.1.4.555
Abstract views: 296 PDF Downloads: 0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.