NATURAL RISKS AND STRATEGY OF THE WATER AVAILABILITY RESEARCH OF TERRITORIES
According to the “Water strategy” accepted by the Government of Russian Federation in 2009, risks of the negative influence of natural water on the environment mostly are related with the peak flood runoff. The water deficit is not in the list of risks.
The water deficit has begun to increase during the past decades even in humid zones mainly due to the climate change. Therefore, there is a necessity to assess reasons and trends of water regimes and water resources changes for different territories.
The twofold of the runoff distribution in the different chains of the river network displayed for the modern decades. The low flows in the lower river chains (so-called “the large rivers”) increased substantially since 1987-1990. The same situation was in “the small rivers” until 2000’s, but low flows there became decrease later (however, it is still more than it was during 1950-1970’s). The favorable conditions of the water leakage keeping for the long period had led to the disturbance of the water balance components, when water leakage in rivers became exceed their feeding, and water has “outflow” from the basins of small rivers.
Nonsynchronous changes of the water regimes of river net chains of different order can’t be explained by “global approaches” to the climate changes. Therefore, there is a different suggested way to solve this problem, related to nonlinear reaction of the river basins water system to the climate long-term variations, when one quasi-stationary conditions (definite relative stable period of climate conditions) change to another.
It is useful to add to “The water strategy” more detailed hydrological basis. It should include all aspects of the standard and special hydrological network development, problems of the scientific study hydrological processes, spatial-temporary nonuniformity of the different order river basins water turnover reaction on the climate change.
Aref'eva E.V., Mukhin V.I., Mirmovich E.G. Podtople-nie, kak potentsial'nyi istochnik chrezvychainykh situ-atsii [Submergence as a Potential Source of EC]. Tekhnologii grazhdanskoi bezopasnosti [Civil Security Technologies], 2007, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 69-72. (in Rus-sian; abstract in English)
Grigoriev V.Yu., Frolova N.L. Terrestrial water storage change of European Russia and its impact on water bal-ance. Geography, Environment, Sustainability, 2018, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 38-50. DOI: 10.24057/2071-9388-2018-11-1-38-50
Ivanova N.N., Larionov G.A. Dinamika protyazhennos-ti malykh rek: faktory i kolichestvennye otsenki [The dynamics of the length of small rivers: factors and quan-titative estimates] In Dedkov A.P., Butakova G.P. (eds.) Prichiny i mekhanizmy peresykhaniya malykh rek [Causes and mechanisms of drying up of small rivers]. Kazan', Publ. of Kazan. University, 1996, pp. 37-42 (in Russian)
Razumov V.V., Razumova N.V., Molchanov E.N. Podtoplenie zemel' v Sibirskom regione Rossii [Flood-ing of lands in the Siberian region of Russia]. Georisk [Georisk], 2015, no. 4, pp. 22-36, 58-59. (in Russian; summary in English)
Rozhkov A.A., Kozak V.T. Ustoichivost' lesov [Sustain-ability of forests]. Moscow, Publ. Agropromizdat, 1988. 232 p. (in Russian)
Surina E.A. K voprosu ob usykhanii el'nikov v mezhdurech'e Severnoi Dviny i Pinegi v uslovi-yakh global'nogo potepleniya klimata [On the issue of drying of spruce forests between the Northern Dvina and Pinega between the conditions of global warming] Ma-terialy Vserossiiskoi konferentsii: Chetvertye Melekhov-skie nauchnye chteniya, posvyashchennye
-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Melekhova I.S. «Prob-lemy lesovedeniya i lesovodstva» (g. Arkhangel'sk,
-12 noyabrya 2010 g.) [Materials of the All-Russian Conference: Fourth Melekhov scientific readings dedi-cated to the 105th anniversary of the birth of I. Melekhov “Problems of forest science and forestry” (Arkhangelsk, November 10-12, 2010)]. Arkhangel'sk, Severnyi (Ark-ticheskii) federal'nyi universitet, 2010, pp. 188-191.
Zhigunov A.B, Semakova T.A., Shabunin D.A. Masso-voe usykhanie lesov na Severo-Zapade Rossii [Mass drying of forests in the North-West of Russia]. Materi-aly nauchnoi konferentsii «Lesobiologicheskie issledo-vaniya na Severo-Zapade taezhnoi zony Rossii: itogi i perspektivy», posvyashchennoi 50-letiyu Instituta lesa Karel'skogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN (g. Petrozavodsk, 3-5 oktyabrya 2007 goda) [Proceedings of the Scientific Conference «Forest biology research in the northwest of the russian taiga zone: results and visions», celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Forest Research Institute Ka-relian Research Centre of RAS (Petrozavodsk, October 3-5, 2007)]. Petrozavodsk, Publ. of Karelian Research Centre of RAS, 2007, pp. 42-52 (in Russian)
Zhuravin S.A., Markov M.L. Development of studies in small research basins in Russia and the most recent tasks. In A. Herrmann, S. Schumann (eds.) Proceedings of the Workshop «Status and Perspectives of Hydrology in Small Basins» (Goslar-Hahnenklee, Germany, 30 March–2 April 2009). IAHS Publ. 336, 2010, pp. 219-224.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Abstract views: 26 PDF Downloads: 0