TOREY LAKES AS AN INDICATOR OF MOISTURE LONG-TERM CHANGES IN SOUTHEASTERN TRANSBAIKALIA AND NORTHEASTERN MONGOLIA

Section
The evolution of the hydrosphere
Keywords: Torey Lakes, water level, moisture content, air temperature, precipitation, river flow, long-term changes
(+) Abstract

The Torey Lakes, represented by the interconnected Barun-Torey and Zun-Torey lakes in Southeastern Transbaikalia on the Russia-Mongolia border, have global ecological significance. We aimed to assess the dependence of the Torey Lakes' water level fluctuations on climatic factors by using cartographic materials, scientists’ evidence and observations, and a geological and hydrometeorological databases from the early 1700s to the 1960s, and instrumental data and satellite imagery over the past 55 years. The average annual air temperature from the middle of the 20th century increased by an average of 2°C. Until the early 1990s this growth was due to warming during the cold period; after the 1990s due to an increase in temperature during the warm period, causing significantly higher evaporation over the past 20 years. We revealed a significant decrease in atmospheric precipitation in the south of the study area, including the Torey Lakes depression, causing an increase in evaporation and aridization in these areas. However, a reliable relationship between long-term changes in atmospheric precipitation and air temperature was not found. Intrasecular cycles of 25–30 years prevail in the multiyear precipitation regime. Cyclicity is also typical for long-term changes in rivers' runoff. The cyclical nature of atmospheric precipitation and river runoff determined the Torey Lakes level regime. We noted a weak manifestation of the wet phase of the cycle due to the increased aridization in recent years. We concluded that the Torey Lakes can be considered an indicator of long-term changes in moisture in Southeastern Transbaikalia and Northeastern Mongolia

(+) About the author(s)

Victor A. Obyazov,
Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt, Valday, Russia; Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 4590-8490

ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9644-1286

Scopus ID: 6505820654

Vadim E. Kirilyuk,
Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and Cryology of the Siberian Branch of the RAS, Chita, Russia; Daursky State Nature Biosphere Reserve, Nizhniy Tsasuchey, Russia;

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 7187-3307

ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4769-3804

Scopus ID: 56488276000

Anastasia V. Kirilyuk

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 6327-1669

ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7451-1741

Scopus ID: 55807973400

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Published
2021-11-26
How to Cite
Victor A. Obyazov, Vadim E. Kirilyuk, & Anastasia V. Kirilyuk. (2021). TOREY LAKES AS AN INDICATOR OF MOISTURE LONG-TERM CHANGES IN SOUTHEASTERN TRANSBAIKALIA AND NORTHEASTERN MONGOLIA. Hydrosphere. Hazard Processes and Phenomena, 3(3), 204-232. https://doi.org/10.34753/HS.2021.3.3.204

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