Ecological problems and hazards in the hydrosphere
Keywords: technogenesis, World Ocean, natural-technical system, ecological regulator, creative paradigm of solving ecological problems, artificial islands.
(+) Abstract

The condition of the World Ocean has always been the most important factor living conditions of all Biosphere. For this reason change of its hydrological structure and properties during past geological eras repeatedly led to global ecological crises and extinction of the majority of the organisms existing at that time. The modern technogenesis of the World Ocean can have similar catastrophic consequences. The development of this crisis will take place in a hopping manner. At its first stage, the consequences of technogenic transformation are localized within the boundaries of individual sections of the World Ocean. But their number is constantly increasing. At a certain point in time, the cumulative effect of this process for a relatively short time can cause the destruction of the World Ocean as a single system, and its transition to a new state. This will inevitably disrupt conditions in most parts of the planet, and will cause a global ecological and socio-economic crisis. At the same time, it is impossible to stop the process of technogenesis of the World Ocean under the conditions of continuous growth of the Earth’s population and its need for natural resources. The only real way to prevent catastrophic consequences is to develop mechanisms for controlling the processes of technogenesis. In practice, this problem can be solved by creating managed natural-technical systems. In these systems, enabling ecological conditions and biodiversity conservation are ensured by the operation of technical facilities ‑ ecological regulators.

(+) About the author(s)

Antonina L. Suzdaleva,
1National Research University «Moscow State University of Civil Engineering», Moscow, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 2352-6183
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7673-1967
Scopus ID: 6507201491

Victor N. Beznosov,
LLC «Alfamed 2000», Moscow, Russia

eLibrary (РИНЦ) SPIN-код: 4763-6112
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5878-0252
Scopus ID: 6602408849

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How to Cite
Antonina L. Suzdaleva, & Victor N. Beznosov. (2020). MODERN TECHNOGENESIS OF THE WORLD OCEAN: NATURE OF PROCESSES AND ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS. Hydrosphere. Hazard Processes and Phenomena, 2(1), 19-31.


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