A UNIFIED ASSESSMENT OF THE QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF THE SEIM RIVER WATER FLOW USING NEW AUTOMATED TECHNOLOGY
Water quality is currently being evaluated regardless of the amount of water flow. Therefore, for the water industry, it is especially important to obtain a unified assessment of the quantity and quality of river water flow. Using the automated software package “Assessment of Polluted and Clean Runoff Indicators” developed at the State Hydrological Institute, it became possible to jointly process large volumes of standard hydrochemical and hydrological observation data at the posts. The first part of automated software package allows you to divide the volume of river flow by a single ingredient into pure when its concentration in the effluent does not exceed the maximum permissible concentrations (MPC), and into polluted when it is higher than the MPC. The main indicator of the quality of river water runoff in this method is the relative volume of runoff contaminated with a single ingredient. In the second part of automated software package, the annual volume of river flow is divided into partial volumes of various durations that differ in the composition of the complex of pollutants, and their degree of pollution is estimated by classes in accordance with ANON (2002) 52.24.643-20021. The estimates obtained are presented as a “flow quality certificate”. Based on the data on water quality monitoring of the Department of Hydrometeorological Service of the Central Black Soil Regions, using the automated software package, the quality of runoff for single chemicals and their complexes was estimated in the border hydrochemical observation point of the Seim River – Tetkino village. Observation period is from 1993 to 2013.
Karaushev A.V. (ed.). Metodicheskie osnovy otsenki i reglamentirovaniya antropogennogo vliyaniya na kachestvo poverkhnostnykh vod [Methodological foundations for assessing and regulating the anthropogenic impact on surface water quality]. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1987. 288 p. (In Russian).
Karaushev A.V., Skakal'skii B.G. Aktual'nye problemy issledovaniya kachestva poverkhnostnykh vod [Actual problems of surface water quality research]. Meteorologiya i gidrologiya [Russian Meteorology and hydrology], 1973, no. 10, pp. 73-81. (In Russian).
Karaushev A.V., Skakal'skii B.G. Problemy monitoringa kachestva poverkhnostnykh vod sushi [Problems of monitoring land surface water quality]. Problemy sovremennoi gidrologii: sbornik statei [Problems of Modern Hydrology: collection of Articles]. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1979, pp. 94-105. (In Russian).
Lehtoranta J., Pitkanen H., Sandman O. Sediment accumulation of nutrients (N, P) in the eastern Gulf of Finland (Baltic Sea). Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 1997, vol. 99, iss. 1-4, pp. 477-486. DOI: 10.1023/A:1018399625103.
Rumyantseva E.A., Bobrovitskaya N.N. Long-term variations of water quality of the Selenga and Kiran rivers at the Russian-Mongolian boundary. Water Resources, 2010, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 372-383. DOI: 10.1134/S0097807810030115 (Russ. ed.: Rumyantseva E.A., Bobrovitskaya N.N. Mnogoletnyaya izmenchivost' kachestva vody rek Selenga i Kiran na granitse Rossii i Mongolii. Vodnye resursy, 2010, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 329-340).
Rumyantseva E.A., Bobrovitskaya N.N. Technique of integral assessment of long-term variations of streamflow quality by the example of the Vorskla River. Russian Meteorology and Hydrology, 2012, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 346-353. DOI: 10.3103/S1068373912050081 (Russ. ed.: Rumyantseva E.A., Bobrovitskaya N.N. Metodika integral'noi otsenki mnogoletnikh izmenenii kachestva rechnogo stoka na primere reki Vorskla. Meteorologija i gidrologija, 2012, no. 5, pp. 85-95).
Rumyantseva E.A., Bobrovitskaya N.N., Il'in E.V. A new approach to the automatic computation of partial volumes of river runoff with various degrees of pollution (a case study for the Selenga River). Russian Meteorology and Hydrology, 2014, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 395-401. DOI: 10.3103/S1068373914060053 (Russ. ed.: Rumyantseva E.A., Bobrovitskaya N.N., Il'in E.V. Novyi podkhod k avtomatizirovannomu raschetu chastichnykh ob"emov rechnogo stoka raznoi stepeni zagryazneniya (na primere r. Selenga). Meteorologija i gidrologija, 2014, no. 6, pp. 51-60).
Rumyantseva E.A., Skakal'skii B.G. Osobennosti mnogoletnei dinamiki kachestva vod v sisteme reka Neva – Nevskaya guba – vostochnaya chast' Finskogo zaliva [Features of long-term dynamics of water quality in the system of the Neva River ‒ Nevskaya Guba ‒ eastern part of the Gulf of Finland]. Doklady Shestoi Vserossiiskogo gidrologicheskogo s"ezda (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 28 sentyabrya – 1 oktyabrya 2004). Sektsiya 4. Ekologicheskoe sostoyanie vodnykh ob"ektov. Kachestvo vod i nauchnye osnovy ikh okhrany. [Reports of the Sixth All-Russian Hydrological Congress (St. Petersburg, September 28 – October 1, 2004). Section 4. Ecological condition of water bodies. Water quality and scientific basis for their protection]. Moscow, Publ. Meteoagentstvo Rosgidrometa, 2006, vol. 1, pp. 176-180. (In Russian).
Rumyantseva E.A., Skakal'skii B.G. Assessment of temporal and spatial inhomogeneity of waters in the Nevskaya Guba Bay and Eastern Gulf of Finland from hydrochemical indicators. Russian Meteorology and Hydrology, 2008, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 55-61. DOI: 10.1007/s11983-008-1009-y (Russ. ed.: Rumyantseva E.A., Skakal'skii B.G. Otsenka vremennoi i prostranstvennoi neodnorodnosti vod Nevskoi guby i vostochnoi chasti Finskogo zaliva po gidrokhimicheskim pokazatelyam. Meteorologija i gidrologija, 2008, no. 1, pp. 98-106)
Rumyantseva E.A., Solntsev V.N., Filatova T.N. Osnovnye cherty kachestva vod ozer Pes'vo i Udomlya i tendentsii ikh izmeneniya do i posle puska Kalininskoi AES [The main features of the water quality of lakes Pesvo and Udomlya and trends in their changes before and after the commissioning of Kalinin NPP]. Doklady Shestoi Vserossiiskogo gidrologicheskogo s"ezda (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 28 sentyabrya – 1 oktyabrya 2004). Sektsiya 4. Ekologicheskoe sostoyanie vodnykh ob"ektov. Kachestvo vod i nauchnye osnovy ikh okhrany. [Reports of the Sixth All-Russian Hydrological Congress (St. Petersburg, September 28 – October 1, 2004). Section 4. Ecological condition of water bodies. Water quality and scientific basis for their protection]. Moscow, Publ. Meteoagentstvo Rosgidrometa, 2006, vol. 1, pp. 181-186. (In Russian).
Sheludko V.A., Kolesnikova E.V. Smyzhova E.S. Voprosy otsenki kachestva poverkhnostnykh vod po gidrokhimicheskim dannym [Issues of surface water quality assessment by hydrochemical data]. Materialy Pyatoi Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii «Ekologicheskie i gidrometeorologicheskie problemy bol'shikh gorodov i promyshlennykh zon» (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 7-9 iyulya 2009). [Materials of the Fifth International Conference “Ecological and Hydrometeorological Problems of Big Cities and Industrial Zones” (St. Petersburg, July 7-9, 2009)]. St. Petersburg, 2009, pp. 30-39. (In Russian).
Skakal'skii B.G. Otsenka kachestva rechnykh vod [River water quality assessment]. Metody rascheta rechnogo stoka: Mezhdunarodnye vysshie gidrologicheskie kursy YuNESKO pri MGU: v 2 chastyakh. Chast' 1. [Methods for calculating river flow: UNESCO International Higher Hydrological Courses at Moscow State University: in 2 parts. Part 1.]. Moscow, MGU Publ. (MKGK YuNESKO), 1980, pp. 98-112. (In Russian).
Smyzhova E.S. Otsenka stoka biogennykh veshchestv s uchetom osobennostei gidrokhimicheskoi informatsii. Avtopef. diss. kand. geogr. nauk. [Estimation of nutrient runoff taking into account the characteristics of hydrochemical information. Ph. D. (Geography) Thesis]. St. Petersburg, 2010. 27 p. (In Russian).
Überla K. Faktorenanalyse. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1977. 400 p. (Russ. ed.: Iberla K. Faktornyi analiz. Moscow, Statistika Publ., 1980. 398 p.)
Voskresenskii O.B. Otsenka rechnogo stoka i pogreshnostei ego rascheta v sisteme monitoringa poverkhnostnykh vod pri otsutstvii i nedostatochnosti gidrometricheskikh nablyudenii [Assessment of river runoff and its calculation errors in the surface water monitoring system in the absence and insufficiency of hydrometric observations]. Sbornik rabot po gidrologii. No. 24. [Collection of works on hydrology, no. 24]. St. Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 2000, pp. 57-78. (In Russian).
Abstract views: 56 PDF Downloads: 0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.